A substantial literature has been developed on the impacts of
food insecurity on healthcare outcomes in the U.S.; what is
lacking are data and analysis regarding the impacts of food insecurity on
healthcare costs. Areas for further research highlighted by food security experts include the cost drivers for payers and patients for services and prescription drugs related to nutrition-influenced conditions or illnesses, and nutrient adequacy as a mechanism for reduction in healthcare costs.
Food Security Research
Building on existing data on the relationship among food insecurity, health, and healthcare costs, further investment should be made in food security research designed to evaluate the healthcare costs associated with food insecurity as manifested in short-term illness and long term vulnerabilities to disease.